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Micah 7:11-20 – The theme of Micah

Just as Lord Yahweh acted in sovereign compassion, mercy and grace to Nineveh at the end of Jonah, Micah has taught the same regarding Israel. The previous Day of the LORD for judgment is now replaced with a Day for Rebuilding. The people of God will be regathered from exile (from Egypt and Assyria). God will shepherd his people (a familiar theme in Micah). He will shepherd his flock in a garden land – recalling Eden. On that Day, the LORD will do and show them marvellous things. The nations will no longer threaten his people – they shall lick the dust like a serpent. This is an expression of defeat.

What has brought this about? Notice the language of God’s revealing himself at Sinai – The LORD, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness, keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin … (Exodus 34:6-7).

Notice the similarity with what Jonah had said applied to Nineveh: “O LORD, is not this what I said when I was yet in my country? That is why I made haste to flee to Tarshish; for I knew that you are a gracious God and merciful, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, and relenting from disaster.

Micah now uses the same language applied to Israel: “Who is a God like you, pardoning iniquity and passing over transgression for the remnant of his inheritance? He does not retain his anger forever, because he delights in steadfast love.”

In close proximity God’s people are being shepherded by God in a garden land (Eden) and the serpent (in the form of hostile nations) is defeated. What brought this about? God’s revealed character.

No commentary is needed for Micah’s conclusion:

He will again have compassion on us;
he will tread our iniquities [waywardness] underfoot.
You will cast all our sins [wrongdoings] into the depths of the sea.
You will show faithfulness to Jacob and steadfast love to Abraham, as you have sworn to our fathers from the days of old